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Archive for Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding alters maternal metabolism and protects against diabetes for up to 15 years after delivery

An interdisciplinary team of scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München has studied the metabolism of women with gestational diabetes after giving birth. Along with partners at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), they were able to show that breastfeeding for more than three months brings about long-term metabolic changes. The research findings have been published in the journal Diabetologia.

Four percent of all pregnant women in Germany develop gestational diabetes before the birth of their child. Although their blood sugar levels initially return to normal after delivery, one in two of the mothers affected develops type 2 diabetes within the next ten years. While it has been shown that lactation can lower this risk by 40 percent, the reasons for this are not yet understood.

Read rest of article-Medical News Today


Is formula the same as breastmilk?   

There are some people out there that argue that there is no difference between breastmilk and formulas now that so many “improvements” in formula have occurred.  At the biochemical level, formula is not the same as breastmilk, not even close. If you take a look at a can of formula and the list of ingredients, it is patently obvious that breastmilk contains at least 20 times more “ingredients” than formula. Breastmilk contains live cells, stem cells, white cells, immune factors and antibodies which cannot be added formula and that’s just the beginning. In every other situation people would readily admit that powdered milk which is then re-constituted with hot water is not the same as fresh milk.

Formula and breastmilk are not at all the same, not even close.

Formula company advertising has tried to convince parents for years that their formulas are the same are the same as breastmilk.  Photo 1 shows an ad, probably from the late 1890s or early 1900s, which states, in French “Artificial Milk Feeding”, using the word normally used for “breastfeeding” (allaitement).  Sneaky no?

Read rest of article-IBC

Rise in donated breast milk raises questions of fairness across Alabama

In the past few years, the use of donated breast milk in hospitals has skyrocketed across the country. Alabama is no exception.

The nonprofit Mothers’ Milk Bank of Alabama, which opened in November 2015, accepts donated breast milk, screens it, pasteurizes it and packages it to dispense to hospitals for a processing fee that helps defray costs.

Many hospitals use it for critically ill and premature babies who aren’t able to breastfeed.

Yet Medicaid and private insurance don’t cover donor milk in Alabama, so hospitals have to budget for it. At a time when smaller and rural hospitals are struggling to stay open, donor milk for their babies can be an unaffordable luxury.

AL news

Contaminated breast milk pump leaves preterm infant severely ill

A preterm infant developed severe meningitis and was left with destroyed brain tissue after being fed milk from a contaminated breast pump, say U.S. public health officials.

The Pennsylvania girl was born prematurely, at around 29 weeks. Doctors consider a baby preterm if born before 37 weeks of pregnancy.

The baby showed signs of a severe infection at about three weeks old. Tests showed she had Cronobacter sakazakii growing in her spinal fluid. She developed severe meningitis and was left with profound developmental delays, said Dr. Anna Bowen, a medical epidemiologist with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta.

CBC News

Blood of SIDS infants contains high levels of serotonin


Blood samples from infants who died of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) had high levels of serotonin, a chemical that carries signals along and between nerves, according to a study funded in part by the National Institutes of Health. The finding raises the possibility that a test could be developed to distinguish SIDS cases from other causes of sleep-related, unexpected infant death. The study, led by Robin L. Haynes, Ph.D., of Boston Children’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, appears in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. NIH’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) provided funding for the work.

SIDS is the sudden death of an infant under one year of age that remains unexplained after a complete autopsy and death scene investigation. In the current study, researchers reported that 31 percent of SIDS infants (19 of 61) had elevated blood levels of serotonin. In previous studies, the researchers reported multiple serotonin-related brain abnormalities in SIDS cases, including a decrease in serotonin in regions involved in breathing, heart rate patterns, blood pressure, temperature regulation, and arousal during sleep.

Read rest of article-NIH


The CDC’s New Breast Pump Cleaning Guidelines Are a Must-Read for Pumping Moms

The CDC has issued new breast pump cleaning guidelines after an infant contracted a dangerous infection from contaminated pump parts.

Pumping breast milk can be a pain—all the hooking up, the labeling and storing, not to mention the cleanup. But slacking off on cleaning your pump parts could have dangerous consequences, as evidenced by the case of an infant who contracted the rare but serious Cronobacter infection. That tragic situation prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to wonder if moms are being given proper instruction on how to care for their pump parts. Their new guidelines aim to spread awareness of exactly what to do and how often.

“In response to the investigation, we reviewed existing resources for women about how to pump breast milk safely, but found little guidance that was detailed and based on the best available science,” says Dr. Anna Bowen, CDC medical officer. “As a result, CDC developed its own guidance.” Unfortunately, the guidelines state that yes, you do need to clean your parts after every use. Other key recommendations including washing hands before handling pumped parts or pumped milk, having a dedicated brush and wash basin for the parts—so don’t wash them in the kitchen sink with a sponge used for the family’s dishes—and air drying the parts. For extra protection, you can boil or steam the parts to sanitize (or run a sanitize cycle in the dishwasher).

Read rest of article-Parent


Eating Placenta Pills Might Actually Be Dangerous

Eating the placenta. It’s not for everyone, which is why an increasing number of moms have opted to take “placenta pills,” wherein the afterbirth is encapsulated and popped daily by postpartum moms for a little pick-me-up. But new research is warning this growing trend may not be the best thing for new moms — or their babies.

Read more- The Stir

NCSU Lactation Support Info

NC State University has some wonderful resources for our working moms and students that are breastfeeding.  

Lactation Support

NC State University promotes work/life balance and supports working parents with the transition back to work following the birth of a child. This includes support of nursing mothers who wish to express breast milk periodically during the work day. In accordance with provisions of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), upon request, suitable space must be provided for employees who require lactation support.

See more https://ts.hr.ncsu.edu/lactation-support/

NC State currently has 20 lactation rooms located around campus. These are available for use by all staff, faculty and students. Each room has a contact person who can help you with accessing the room.  Most of the rooms may be reserved through Google Calendar. Instructions for reserving the rooms are provided below, followed by the locations and contact information for the rooms. After you have reserved a room, please contact the person listed to obtain the key to the room.

Look here for  pictures https://oied.ncsu.edu/faculty/lactation-and-baby-care-rooms/

Breast-fed children less likely to develop type 1 diabetes

Breast-fed children less likely to develop type 1 diabetes

Youths who received any breast-feeding for at least 12 months or full breast-feeding for at least six months had lower odds of developing type 1 diabetes, compared with those who were never breast-fed, Norwegian researchers reported in Diabetes Care. The findings were based on data involving 155,392 children in Denmark and Norway followed from birth until 2014 or 2015.

Healio (free registration)/Endocrine Today (5/11) 

NCLCA Lactation Science Fair

he May 22, 2017, NC Lactation Consultant Association Breastfeeding Summit is almost here! And look at all the fabulous topics that will be covered in addition to the material listed in the brochure in the Lactation Science Fair. I always knew NC breastfeeding advocates had a lot to offer, but this is more than I expected! The Lactation Science Fair will be similar to a poster session, but with stations and hands-on activities as well as posters.


Lactation Science Fair at NCLCA!

  • Qualitative Sensory Testing (QST) in Lactation
  • Ready, Set, Baby: Free Educational Materials for Immediate Use
  • AAP New Safe Sleep Recommendations
  • Queen City Cocoa B.EA.N.S: A Non-Profit Sponsored Organization in Charlotte, NC
  • Twiddle Me Not: Creating Nursing Necklaces & Conversation to Help the Breastfeeding Dyad
  • Effect of Holder Pasteurization and Retort Processing on Nutritional and Bioactive Components of Human Milk
  • Biological Nurturing – Laid Back Breastfeeding Research
  • The Hormone Web – an Activity for Teaching About Birth and Milk Production
  • Descriptive Study of IBCLC Access at NC WIC Agencies
  • Perspectives on Infant Feeding Beliefs, Attitudes, and Practices of Hispanic Mothers Enrolled in WIC: Implications for Breastfeeding Peer Counseling
  • Breastfeeding Education Activities for K-12
  • Using the Martinelli Screening Tool to Assess Infant Lingual Frenulum
  • Curbside Review of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Screening (EPDS)
  • Supporting Breastfeeding Families: A Guide for Early Care and Education Providers
  • CGBI Infant Postnatal Unit Side-Car Bassinet and 4th Trimester Project
  • When and How to Use a Creamatocrit Machine
  • Investigation of Bacteria in Expressed Human Milk
  • Babywearing as a tool for facilitating the breastfeeding relationship
  • Storage of Human Milk
  • How can Peer Counselors Promote Breastfeeding?
  • Investigation of Bacteria in Expressed Human Milk
  • Carolina MOMs Medical Students Offering Maternal Support
  • Breastmilk keepsakes and healing grief
  • Feed the Cream: Optimizing weight gain in VLBW Infants using Mothers Own Hindmilk as an Adjunct to Standard Fortification Strategies

There is still time to register

See you at the Beach!


Ellen Chetwynd PhD, MPH, BSN, IBCLC

Post-Doctoral Researcher, North Carolina State University

Lactation Consultant, MILC, Women’s Birth and Wellness Center